Wood Family History
Family Photos
Treading Family Footsteps
Information: Timeline
I am putting a time line of events in history here because it puts into context the life and times of our ancestors (in bold) from the early 19th century. (Be warned this is a very long page!)
1800 - 1850
Parliamentary union of Great Britain and Ireland
Electric light first produced by Sir Humphrey Davy
Use of high pressure steam pioneered by Richard Trevithick
Royal College of Surgeons founded
Herschel discovers infra-red light
Volta makes first electrical battery
British trade accounts for about 27% of world trade

Union Jack official British flag
First census puts the population of England and Wales at 9,168,000 – population of Britain nearly 11 million (75% rural).
Grand Union Canal opens in England
Elgin Marbles brought from Athens to London

Treaty of Amiens signed by Britain, France, Spain, and the Netherlands
First British Factory Act
Regular mail service started between England and India

Peace of Amiens – resumption of war with France – The Napoleonic Wars (1803-18l5)
First publication of Debrett's Peerage by John Debrett
Poaching made a Capital offence in England if capture resisted
Early locomotive constructed by Richard Trevithick
First public railway opens (Wandsworth to Croydon)
Semaphore signalling perfected by Admiral Popham
Commissioners for Highland Roads and Bridges created in Scotland; Thomas Telford begins construction

Richard Trevithick runs his railway engine on the Penydarren Railway in Wales.
Spain declares war on Britain

Admiral Nelson's victory at the Battle of Trafalgar.
London docks opened

Napoleon attempts European economic blockade of Britain.
Dartmoor Prison opened (built by French prisoners)

Parliament passes Act prohibiting slavery and the importation of slaves from 1808. 'Hot Wednesday' – temperature of 101°F in the shade recorded in London on July 13.
Gas lighting in London streets .
Beethoven Fifth Symphony

Peninsular War (1808-1814).
Foudrinier brothers set up first paper-making machine in England (at St Neots) Beginning of 'Luddite' troubles in England (see 1811)

Birth of Charles Darwin
Gay-Lussac: Law of Volumes of Gases

John McAdam begins road construction in England, giving his name to the process of road metalling (See 1845)

Ottiwell Wood Married Jane Hodgson at Grinton, North Yorkshire

Prince of Wales (future George IV) made Regent after George III deemed insane. Luddite uprisings in the Midlands against weaving frames started and carried on until 1815. This campaign involved groups of workmen destroying new machinery because they were against the increased mechanisation of textile production, which impacted onto their working lives.
Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility published

John Rider Wood born  in Wensley, North Yorkshire

Prime Minister, Spencer Perceval, assassinated.
Napoleon retreats from Moscow with catastrophic losses

First recorded "12th of July" sectarian riots in Belfast, Ireland.
Rose's Act (1812) established a printed format for baptism & burial registers.
Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice published

First Pigot's Commercial Directory printed.
Invasion of France by Allies.
Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.
The Times first printed by a 'mechanical apparatus' (at 1,100 sheets per hour).
Sugar prices reach record heights

The Battle of Waterloo: Napoleon defeated and exiled to St. Helena.
The Corn Bill passed.
Trial by Jury established in Scotland
Davy develops the safety lamp for miners

Economic depression - rise in wheat prices
Income tax abolished
Climate: the 'year without a summer' – followed a volcanic eruption in Indonesia Large scale emigration to North America
Trans-Atlantic packet service begins

Johnstone's London Directory printed.
Constable paints Flatford Mill

Manchester cotton spinners' strike.
Shelley's Frankenstein published

Jane Strickland born in Cartmel, Lancashire

Savannah - first steamship to cross Atlantic, reaching Liverpool 20 June 1819 (26 days).
Peterloo Massacre at Manchester
Six Acts passed against radical political Unions
Singapore founded by Sir Stamford Raffles
Keats publishes Ode on a Grecian Urn

Accession of George IV, previously Prince Regent.
Cato Street Conspiracy, a plot to assassinate the British cabinet

Napoleon Bonaparte dies on St Helena
Faraday publishes his Principles of electro-magnetic rotation
Constable paints The Hay Wain
Populations: France 30.4M, German States 26M, Britain 20.8M, Italian States 18M, Austria 12M, the USA 9.6M

Caledonian canal opened
Augustin Fresnel perfects lenses for lighthouses
Schubert Unfinished Symphony

New laws concerning marriage by licence
Peel begins penal reforms – death penalty abolished for over 100 crimes
Rugby Football 'invented' at Rugby School
Rubberised waterproof material produced by MacIntosh
The Royal Academy of Music opens in London

RSPCA established
Beethoven writes his Ninth Symphony

Horse-drawn buses in London
Stockton to Darlington Railway opens
Hobhouse makes amendments to Acts to protect Child Labour in cotton factories
The publication of Pepys Diary

University College, London established
Royal Zoological Society established in London
Telford's Menai Straits Bridge completed
Mendelsohn writes his Midsummer Night's Dream, overture

Ohm's Law of physics published

Repeal of Test and Corporation Acts – This had kept non-Anglicans from holding public office and deprived them of other rights

Catholic Emancipation Act restores civil liberties to Roman Catholics
London Metropolitan police force formed, nicknamed Bobbies after Sir Robert Peel
George Stephenson's Rocket wins the Rainhill trials
First Oxford/Cambridge Boat Race
Lucifer matches first manufactured
Louis Braille invents his sytem of finger-reading for the blind
Rossini writes his William Tell, opera

George IV dies – his brother, William IV, accedes to the throne
Uprisings and agitation across Europe: the Netherlands are split into Holland and Belgium George Stephenson's Liverpool & Manchester Railway opened by the Duke of Wellington
Agricultural 'Swing' Riots in southern England, repressed with many transportations
Royal Geographical Society established in London

First Reform Bill introduced by Lord George Russell
A list of all parish registers dating prior to 1813 compiled
Faraday demonstrates electro-magnetic induction
Darwin sails on HMS Beagle to survey coral formations

Reform Bill passed – Representation of the People Act
Electoral Registers introduced
Electric telegraph invented by Morse
Tennyson Lady of Shalott

Factory Act forbids employment of children below age of 9
Education Grant Act – grants to voluntary education societies in Britain

Poor Law amendment, tightening up relief
'Tolpuddle Martyrs' transported to Australia for Trades Union activities
Hansom Cab patented by Joseph Hansom
Babbage invents forerunner of the computer

Christmas becomes a national holiday
Word 'socialism' first used
First surviving photograph taken by William Fox Talbot
First railway boom period starts in Britain – construction of Great Western Railway
Darwin studies the Galapagos Islands

First Potato famine in Ireland
Economic downturn that lasts until 1842

Wheatstone & Cooke send first British telegraph message
William IV dies – accession of Queen Victoria
Compulsory registration of Births, Marriages & Deaths in England & Wales
Euston Railway station opens – first in London
Pitman introduces his shorthand system
Dickens publishes Pickwick Papers

Chartists in Britain publish People's Charter demanding popular involvement in politics
First ocean steamers to the U.S. – SS Great Western 14½ days; SS Sirius 18 days
SS Archimedes launched – first successful screw-driven ship

First Opium War between Britain and China (to 1842)
The Bicycle is invented
Samuel Cunard establishes his Cunard Steamship Co.
The First: Grand National, Henley Regatta, and Royal Agricultural Show

Uniform Penny Postage introduced nationally
Treaty of Waitangi signed – Maori chiefs in New Zealand recognise British sovereignty in return for tribes being guaranteed possession of their lands
Chimney Sweeps Act in Britain
Population Act relating to taking of censuses in Britain
Britain has 24% of world trade
'The Can-Can' becomes popular in France

John Rider Wood marries Jane Strickland in St Mary's Church Lancaster

Penny Red replaces Penny Black postage stamp
First full census in Britain in which all names were recorded - Population: Britain 18.5M, USA 17M, Ireland 8M
Whitworth standard screw threads proposed
First issue of Punch

Ottiwell Wood born in Ambleside, Westmoreland

Civil Registration in Channel Islands started
Second Chartist Petition presented to Parliament
Income Tax reintroduced in Britain
Government report 'The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population'
60% of Bolton cotton mill workers and 36% of Bolton ironworkers out of work.
British Mines Act outlawing women and girls in the mines, and supervising boy labour
British massacred in Khyber Pass
End of Opium War – Britain gains Hong Kong
Doppler Effect stated

First Christmas card in England
Brunel's 'Great Britain' launched
Factory safety regulations enacted in Britain
First public telegraph line, from Paddington to Slough
Joule defines mathematical equivalent of heat (ergs/calorie)
Tennyson publishes his Morte d'Arthur

Outdoor Relief Prohibition Order – parish relief received only in a workhouse
Companies Act in Britain – companies must register
Railways Act – Gladstone's concept of the 'Parliamentary Train' brought rail travel to the masses
First Morse message transmitted in the USA (Baltimore to Washington)
Karl Marx and Engels begin their collaboration
Dumas publishes The Three Musketeers

Louise Susanne Sarah Hayes born in Manchester

Potato famine in Ireland (to 1848) – about 2.5M Irish emigrate
Temporary repeal of the Corn Laws
Kelly's Directories
Tarmac laid for first time in Nottingham
First voyage of 'Great Britain' to America

An anaesthetic used for the first time in England
Edward Lear publishes First Book of Nonsense

Ten Hours Act shortens factory work day to ten hours for women and children
US Mormons make Salt Lake City their centre

California gold rush
Lord Kelvin determines the temperature of absolute zero
Marx and Engels publish The Communist Manifesto

Civil Registration of Births in Isle of Man started
Florin (2 shilling coin) introduced as the first step to decimalisation – which finally occurred in 1971!
Dickens publishes David Copperfield

Tennyson succeeds Wordsworth as Poet Laureate
Bunsen burner designed

Henry Brown born in Wimborne, Dorset
Time Line
1800 - 1850
1851 - 1900
1901 - 1950
1951 - 2000
Top of Page
Last Update: Monday, May 7, 2007
Designed and maintained by
TLC Online